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AU-EU Summit 17-18 February 2022: A Science Agenda

The AERAP Africa-Europe Science Collaboration Platform will organise side events at the AU-EU Summit on 14-18 February 2022. The purpose of the meeting will be to promote awareness of the contribution of collaborative research and development as a critical aspect of EU-Africa relations and collaborations, in particular in addressing global challenges together.


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Tuesday, February 15 • 16:00 - 17:15
(Ref 151600) The diagnostics crisis in Africa needs political, policy, scientific, education and funding solutions in parallel: without this the health crisis will deepen

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The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that access to timely, accurate diagnostics is fundamental to effective healthcare. Yet today, almost half the world’s population has little or no access to even the simplest of tests. The problems are most severe and acute in primary and community care – in low- and middle-income countries, basic tests are available in just 1% of primary care clinics. The result is not only blindness to current and emerging health threats, it also puts achievement of the global goal of universal health coverage (UHC) in jeopardy.
Addressing shortfalls in diagnostic testing must be an urgent priority. While deficiencies impact the whole care cascade – affecting medical workforces, education, research, physical infrastructure, supply chain, data collection, and management – the root causes are more straightforward. Lack of political prioritization, resource allocation and finance, and lack of effective regulation for governance and quality are stymying efforts to build sustainable, resilient health systems that can deliver health for all.
A two-pronged approach, focused on both policy and implementation, is critical, and must be underpinned by long-term (>20 year) commitments and funding. Solutions fall into several categories, all of which are aimed at optimizing scant resources.
Establish national diagnostics strategies to support National Health Plans, including the development and implementation of national Essential Diagnostics Lists. Diagnostic testing must be acknowledged as a key enabler for health, and supported by adequate funding, for example through national financing strategies for diagnostics, and coverage of diagnostics for key conditions in UHC benefits packages.
  • Make key basic diagnostic tests available at primary health centres, as a key step towards UHC. This includes the availability of accurate, reliable point-of-care tests that are linked to radiology and pathology and laboratory medicine (PaLM) systems to provide “see and treat” at one visit, ensure seamless handover between health facilities and tiers, and enable appropriate patient follow up. Digital tools can also support community health workers with tasks that may previously have been restricted to specialized clinics.
  • Invest in an expanded workforce with the skilling and upgrading needed to support advances in diagnostics. Training programmes are needed to increase the number of technicians, scientists and pathologists to a base level, and enable task shifting that can reduce both the time and cost of training fully qualified specialists. Regional/transnational networks should be activated to optimize both training and capacity of staff. Technology such as artificial intelligence and digital decision support tools can also support tasks such as image interpretation at lower levels of the health system.
  • Commit to enabling policy and regulatory frameworks for diagnostics in Africa. Context-appropriate, simple accreditation processes are needed to ensure affordable, high-quality tests can be made available where they are needed as quickly as possible.
  • Improve infrastructure, including supporting the expansion of local and regional manufacturing capacity. This must include initiatives to streamline supply chains, equipment purchase and maintenance, IT and mobile developments to improve data flow and communications, alongside development of robust, affordable and context-appropriate Laboratory Information and Management Systems.


Speakers
avatar for Rizwana Mia

Rizwana Mia

South African Medical Research Council (S. Africa)
Rizwana Mia joined the SAMRC in February 2015. She is responsible for developing the South African Precision Medicine program and incorporating the South African Precision Medicine Think Tank. She has spearheaded strategic partnerships in creating programmatic research as well as... Read More →
avatar for Declan Kirrane

Declan Kirrane

Chair SSUNGA76, AERAP
Declan Kirrane is the founder and Managing Director of ISC Intelligence in Science in Brussels. He has more than 25 years of experience disseminating scientific and research activities in Europe and worldwide from organizations and governments. He has been involved in the dissemination... Read More →
avatar for Prof. Marleen Temmerman

Prof. Marleen Temmerman

Director, Aga Khan University, Kenya
Prof dr Marleen Temmerman is Chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aga Khan University Hospital and Director of the Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University (Nairobi, Kenya). Prior she was the Director of the Department of Reproductive Health... Read More →
avatar for Kenneth Fleming

Kenneth Fleming

Chairman, The Lancet Commission on Diagnostics
Dr Fleming has been an academic pathologist for over 40 years. His research interests include the pathogenesis of Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis, and the molecular analysis of tissue. He has over 200 publications and a H-index of 49.Dr Fleming has had several major leadership positions... Read More →
avatar for Koleka Mlisana

Koleka Mlisana

Executive Manager: Academic Affairs, Research & Quality Assurance, National Health Laboratory Service NHLS
Professor Koleka Mlisana is the Executive Manager: Academic Affairs, Research & Quality Assurance at the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), since July 2018. Prior to this she was the HOD: Medical Microbiology at the University of KwaZulu Natal/Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central... Read More →
avatar for Pascale Ondoa

Pascale Ondoa

Director of Science and New Initiatives, ASLM
Dr Pascale Ondoa is the Director of Science and New Initiatives of the African Society for Laboratory Medicine (ASLM) since 2016. She holds a medical degree from the University of Yaoundé, Cameroon, and a PhD in Virology from the University of Antwerp. She provides scientific and... Read More →


Tuesday February 15, 2022 16:00 - 17:15 CET